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Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome

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Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a pathologic condition characterized by abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia (Saklayen, 2018). MetS is estimated to affect 20 to 25 percent of adults worldwide, and those who have it are three times more likely to experience a heart attack than those who don't (Biadgo et al., 2018). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome frequently coincides with the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (one of the outcomes of MetS) (Saklayen, 2018).

MetS prevalence across countries ranges from <10% to 84% depending on the region, environment, gender, ethnicity, and age (Khadanga et al., 2018). There is evidence that in India the prevalence of MetS is between 11% and 41% (Khadanga et al., 2018). The prevalence of MetS is higher in the urban regions of India in comparison to the rural regions. It is estimated that 31% of women and 18.5% of men suffer from MetS in urban India (Bhalwar, 2020).

What are your thoughts on the rise in prevalence in relation to the risk factors mentioned above?


  1. Bhalwar, R. (2020). Metabolic syndrome: The Indian Public Health Perspective. Medical Journal Armed Forces India, 76(1), 8–16. //
  2. Biadgo, B., Melak, T., Ambachew, S., Baynes, H. W., Limenih, M. A., Jaleta, K. N., Tachebele, B., Melku, M., & Abebe, M. (2018). The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients at a Tertiary Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiopian journal of health sciences, 28(5), 645–654. //
  3. Khan, Y., Lalchandani, A., Gupta, A. C., Khadanga, S., & Kumar, S. (2018). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome crossing 40% in Northern India: Time to act fast before it runs out of proportions. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 7(1), 118–123. //
  4. Saklayen M. G. (2018). The Global Epidemic of the Metabolic Syndrome. Current hypertension reports, 20(2), 12. //
Posted : December 12, 2022 12:04 pm
Posts: 24
Eminent Member

In India, insulin resistance and MetS are widely prevalent. Studies have reported that in urban Indian populations, the age-adjusted prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found to be overall approximately 25% (approximately 31% in women and 18.5% in men). There is an escalating age-related prevalence in both men and women.

Most NCD deaths occur in low and middle-income countries such as India, which is undergoing an epidemiological health transition owing to rapid urbanization, which has led to an overall economic rise, but with certain associated risk factors. India, a populous country of about 1.3 billion, contributes to more than 2/3rd of the total deaths due to NCDs in the South-East Asia Region (SEAR) of WHO (WHO, 2014; United Nations Statistics Division). As per the 2011 report on NCD status in SEAR, raised BP, raised blood glucose and tobacco use were the three major risk factors responsible for the majority of deaths annually in this region. 


Source: 1.  //

2. //

Posted : December 12, 2022 9:37 pm
Posts: 25
Eminent Member

Metabolic syndrome is classified as ICD 10 E88. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is high in Asian Indian children who are undergoing nutritional and lifestyle transitions rapidly.( //

According to National Family Health Survey – 4 (NFHS-4) conducted in 2015–16, the prevalence of overweight or obesity among adolescents aged 15 to 19 years was reported to be 4.2%, a significant increase from the previous round.The study highlighted that the prevalence was not increasing just among adolescents from the higher socio-economic strata but also among the lower income groups where undernutrition continues to be a major public health issue. Studies indicate that children and adolescents with MS have an increased risk of MS as adults, increasing their risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease later in life.The prevalence of MS varies by definition. A systematic review among adolescents in low to medium-income countries reported a prevalence ranging from 4.2%–15.4% among studies that used the National Cholesterol Education Program and Adult Treatment Panel III  criteria; and 4.5%–38.7% in studies where the WHO criteria was used //,among%20males%20(5.7%25%20vs. .


Posted : December 14, 2022 7:26 pm
Posts: 74
Trusted Member

The metabolic syndrome is defined as the presence of several known cardiovascular risk factors, such as insulin resistance, obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, and hypertension. These conditions are linked by underlying mediators, mechanisms, and pathways. They attempted to provide a comprehensive definition for the metabolic syndrome and identify its key features in this research article in order to facilitate research into its causes, leading to new insights into pharmacologic and lifestyle treatment approaches.



Posted : December 15, 2022 10:34 am
Posts: 18
Active Member

@bhavya interesting view points. 

I think the fact that the contribution of NCD deaths in India is high because of its poor ecomonic conditions, access and consumption of high carbohydrate foods. Would you agree?

This post was modified 1 year ago by Dr. Sofia R. Saggu
Posted : December 15, 2022 2:31 pm
Posts: 60
Trusted Member

Non communicable diseases have become one of the prominent cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This review article describes the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adult Indian population. They highlight that one in three Indians have metabolic syndrome with higher prevalence among females, urban dwellers, and populations of NE India.

Read more at: //


Posted : December 20, 2022 3:59 pm
Posts: 8
Active Member

The metabolic syndrome is more common in city dwellers than in rural residents. People in higher wealth quintiles are more likely to develop metabolic syndrome. This could be due to their sedentary lifestyle. Prevention, early detection of metabolic risk factors, and treatment should be prioritized. Healthy living promotion and education about the risks associated with sedentary lifestyles should be part of the management strategy for people with or at risk of metabolic syndrome and its components.

Reference: //

Posted : December 21, 2022 10:55 am
Posts: 29
Eminent Member

Metabolic syndrome is the medical term for a combination of diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity.  In a more refined way, we can say A condition marked by "extra fat" around the abdomen, "high levels of blood glucose" (sugar) when not eating, "high levels of triglycerides" (a type of fat) in the blood, "low levels of high-density lipoproteins" (a type of protein that carries fats) in the blood, and high blood pressure which results in life-threatening diseases. And the irony is most of these disorders associated with metabolic syndrome don't have obvious signs or symptoms.

Posted : December 21, 2022 12:22 pm
Posts: 18
Active Member

The world-wide prevalence is on the increase, with the overall global prevalence estimated to be 20%–25% of the adult population. In India, various epidemiological studies undertaken across the country have consistently shown a high prevalence, which is likely to be as much as one-quarter of the adult population, with increasing age and female gender being at higher risk.

Sources: //

This post was modified 1 year ago by sushmiwilson
Posted : December 21, 2022 3:23 pm
Posts: 5
Active Member

The effects of metabolic syndrome on a person's health and medical expenses are significant. There are growing evidence that links disruptions in circadian rhythm to the metabolic syndrome. 'Circadian Syndrome' was coined as a result of recent studies that suggested circadian disruption may be a significant underlying etiological component for the metabolic syndrome.  With the increased recognition of the Circadian Syndrome timing of exercise, light exposure, food consumption, dispensing of medications and sleep, are likely to play a much greater role in the maintenance of both individual and population health in the future.



Posted : December 26, 2022 3:18 pm
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